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How to prepare a shipment on a pallet?

Please see our short instruction


General rules of cargo preparation

It is very important for any type of shipment that it is properly labeled and has a clearly defined delivery address. The shipping label (preferably printed with the Raben shipping system or other systems using barcodes and complying with the GS1 standard) should be placed on the short side of the pallet in the upper right corner.

Before starting to palletize, make sure that the weight, height, packing of cargo on the pallet is suitable for transportation, and exclude any risk of deformation under its own personal weight of the lower rows of cargo, pallet roll, scatter boxes or bags during transportation and unloading and loading.

The goods on the pallet should be placed in such a way that nothing extends beyond it and carefully sealed so that the goods cannot be accessed from any side. Therefore, you should also wrap the top of the pallet with stretch wrap and then the bottom so that it overlaps the edge of the structure. Packing tape and appropriate side protection should be used if the goods may spontaneously move inside the pallet. A pallet can be considered stable if its loaded capacity is 26 degrees without significant deformation.

Protruding items that are poorly wrapped or improperly placed on the pallet are a hazard to other loads!


Non-homogeneous and heavy loads

Cargo preparation

In case of pallets with mixed goods, the shape and weight of each package must be considered. It is important to have the right arrangement (heavier at the bottom, lighter - at the top) and the degree of filling (the bottom layers should always be full to ensure stability), and finally - the correct palletizing to avoid the movement of goods and their damage. When transporting several individual items, it should be packed in a prefabricated package that saves space and money. Sometimes mesh baskets, crates or stands are used for transportation (e.g. for transporting glass), and hazardous goods require additional carriers - in this case they should be placed on a pallet and transported according to the manufacturer's instructions, with additional ADR marking.

Oversized cargo (exceeding the Europallet standard) can make it difficult to transport prefabricated goods, so they require special treatment. Heavy loads are packed in cardboard boxes secured with a tape, and very heavy loads are packed in properly reinforced crates. Non-standard pallets, which often carry fragile, shock- and pressure-sensitive materials, require additional protection to prevent damage to the contents during loading and unloading.


Bulk goods and goods in sealed containers on a pallet

Placing the goods in bags on the pallet, make sure that they do not protrude beyond, use special protection according to its size. In case of shocks during transportation, keep the distance of goods from the edges of the pallet, and the bags should be arranged so that, if possible, the height of the shipment does not exceed 1 meter.  If the goods should not be penetrated, use on pallet appropriate markings in the form of a pyramid triangle.

When transporting goods in buckets or cans, it is important to arrange the products in such a way that any protruding elements did not see each other in the container next to it. Appropriate spacers and proper palletizing should be used, which will give stability but will not create pressure.

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